The fear continues…

The worries about the Zimbabwean elections that are meant to be held in July 2013 still proceed. I do not think that Zimbabweans and  the other countries that are affected by its problems (importing and exporting countries) will be at rest until the final decision is made. Only then will the minds of Zimbabweans and others be able to accept the result and move on with new initiatives, or should I say plans to help the Zimbabwean economy. As of recent, The African Development Bank (an independent bank) said that, due to some areas of the country having too much rain fall and others the opposite, the newly planted grains have been “written off”. Due to this creating food shortage, it has also lead to the escalation of food prices and more and more Zimbabweans relying on food aid. This would mean that more citizens are starving, meaning that they are too weak to do their jobs (if have) to earn money. This is creating a vicious circle that is depleting the Zimbabwean economy even more. Approximately 242 000 tons of staple food is needed in Zimbabwe to keep the citizens/ customers going before there is new harvest.

It is not just the opposing side of Mugabe that are unhappy, but also the people that fall under him. Simba Makoni, a former finance minister under Robert Mugabe is an example of this. He admitted to himself that “the people of Zimbabwe” (including him) basically live on the edge of their seats, implying that they are all in fear everyday. For someone under Mugabes wing to be in fear is surprising, however those whom are not will be in a worse off position. I agree with Mokoni when he stipulates that this fear that everyone is experiencing should be one of the economies main priority to abandon or at least decrease a great amount. Once this fear has been lifted of citizens shoulders, positivity may fall in place and the country may be more at ease. Another down side that should be changed is the dual presidency between Morgan Tsvangirai and Robert Mugabe. When there are two very opinionated leaders, with different intentions in mind, this is when the tension levels escalate and the economy (politics and economics) gets out of hand. Makoni described this dual presidency as “pathetic” and “dismal”. These are rather harsh descriptions, as they have not completely let the country fall apart. However, there must be a reason as to why he said this, as the country as well as the leadership is not where it should be at this present time? The fact that none of the conditionality’s that will enable the free and fair elections has been put in place almost reflects the “dismal” leadership provided by Mugabe and Tsvangirai. No wonder the citizens of Zimbabwe are living in fear daily. Anything could happen.

The final draft and final day before constitution

Zimbabwe-flag1Tomorrow is finally the day that the voting for Zimbabwe’s new constitution is going to take place. This is going to be a very emotional day for some Zimbabweans, as they have waited a very long time for the constitution to change and be more ‘fair’. However, the draft constitution has taken over three years to be presented, which is no surprise for anything in Zimbabwe to take long and be postponed – and of course some sort of argument would happen with it. It is however pleasing to see that on Wednesday when Douglas Mwonzora, a leader of the parliamentary committee, produced the contract, he enforced that fact that it was non-negotiable. He is thankfully sticking up for the people of Zimbabwe and letting it be a vote for them and no one else. Unlike the police force (Zanu-PF), who try and abolish all human rights activists that are trying to justice for the insecure country. He is also trying to prevent the massive out cry of violence like the 2008 elections, which is a very encouraging point. I personally do not agree with the fact that there is a ban again all same-sex marriages. People should be allowed to marry whom they want to without the consent of others. It is their choice who they want to live and spend the rest of their life with. They have not asked anyone else to put up with their partner.

The only hiccup here with the new constitution and if Mugabe is elected again in July, he has the chance of ruling Zimbabwe for another two five-year terms (10 years). This may be seen as a negative due to Mugabe’s health issues and his age (89 years). Mugabe has also disappointed many people of Zimbabwe in the past, and so what makes them think that he will change his ways now if he hasn’t in the past. He may carry on destroying people lives even more?

Zanu-PF and MDC both have a lot of support behind them, and it is going to be very interesting to see what happens if Mugabe does not win the elections. The MDC promise to try and rebuild the economy of Zimbabwe again, which has altered many people and given them a very positive view towards the MDC, which is why Zanu-PF is facing great challenges and competition, hopefully more than before (2008 elections). In connection with this and the violence that is trying to be prevented, not only rivalry between the two parties but within the MCD party itself. This leads to more confusion for the people of Zimbabwe, because who do we really trust now? How can you have a party governing the country that are assassinating one another within the supposed ‘free’ of violence party?

We can only hope for the best from now, and see what tomorrows’ occasion has to offer Zimbabwe as a country and its humble people. We prey for their sake that all goes smoothly as wished for so that the elections in July will take place.

A ‘summary’ of Zimbabwe’s draft constitution

A ‘summary’ of Zimbabwe’s draft constitution

Here is an article from News24 entitled ‘Key points in Zim’s draft constitution’. This is a very relevant news article as the referendum of the constitution is meant to be taking place tomorrow, 16th March 2013. the people of Zimbabwe must be informed as to what they are voting for, as well as the rest of the world to be aware of what is to come.

Police not letting Zimbabwe move forward

ImageThe never-ending problem of violence in Zimbabwe has of course arisen again. The police, whom are obviously supporting President Mugabe’s party, Zanu-PF, aim to intimidate and scare the people of Zimbabwe in order to vote for Zanu-PF, however this instilling of ‘fear’ has now turned into actual physical violence.

It is astounding to see that people whom are suffering from Mugabe’s doings are actually making it worse for themselves. It is as if they enjoy the violent drama and get a thrill from arresting or brutally hurting another human being. The police force can clearly not see that “prominent civil groups” and “human rights monitors” are only trying to improve the country and help proved free flowing elections, not make matters worse.

In saying this, it is very pleasing and encouraging to see that the levels of violence and force have not escalated to the extent of that during the 2008 elections. AFP reported that more that 200 people were killed and many more were affected by either getting arrested, tortured and even disappearing. However, one cannot be too sure of whether the violence is to increase or not.

ImageIt is going against all human rights if the police are able to do this to citizens, and this is where the international community does need to step into place, not necessarily the African Nation Congress (ANC) as Jacob Zuma and Robert Mugabe are believed to be friends that support one another. A mutual party needs to be the one whom delegates and to try alleviate all tension. Although Mugabe and Zuma are ‘friends’, Mugage and his party can naturally gone again the coalition agreement put together by Southern African leaders. This includes cutting out all violence and spiteful arrests of opponents.

Many people may turn around and blame Tsvangarai for not stepping in and helping the joint governance and for not trying to stop this violence. But after all, Mugabe is the one with the most power in Zimbabwe at this present moment, and he will make sure that anyone who steps in his way will be defeated. In correspondence to this opinion of Mugabe having all the power, I do not necessarily agree with Lovemore Madhuku, chairperson of the pro-democracy group the National Constitutional Assembly. He stated that the problems go further than the government, and that the state has a great amount to do with the issues that Zimbabwe face, such as poverty, financial crisis, and food and petrol shortages etc. As I mentioned earlier, Mugabe has all the mighty and control in Zimbabwe, and so he most probably alters whatever the state my say.

To be honest I do not see what is so wrong with distributing radios? There is obviously something that Mugabe wants to hide and not let anyone else but his community/ society know about? People have the right to hear what is going on if the media is broadcasting it. So yes, Madhuku would most probably be right when saying, “it shows the failure of our society”, and it is clear evidence of what is happening currently and not what is going to happen.

Third world countries helping Zim…

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There has recently been some more interference with the referendum on Zimbabwe’s constitution from other countries and parties such as the African National Congress (ANC), a party in South Africa, as well as the SADC countries. Firstly the ANC spokesperson, Keith Khoza has announced that they will support President Robert Mugabe and his party during this crucial time in order for them to hopefully win and remain in power.

Khoza said that: “Zanu-PF has been governing Zimbabwe since 1980 and we feel they have gained the necessary experience and wealth of knowledge over that time to benefit the people of that country and govern again”. This is not particularly true from my perspective. Yes the Zanu-PF have been governing for 33 years and have got a great amount of support from many of the citizens in Zimbabwe, and they may have experienced a lot and hopefully learnt from their mistakes, but unfortunately, I do not see many benefits or advantageous that have come out of this continued power. If Zanu-PF had learn from their mistakes the first round, Zimbabwe would probably not be in the position that it is in. The amount of troubles and problems that Zimbabwe’s people have had to deal with over the past decade due to bad leadership skills definitely outweighs the positives. I would comfortably argue against the fact that some people say Mugabe is “the most hated president or dictator in the world’’. As I mentioned above, Mugabe has many citizens following him in the country. However some are coerced to fight for his party but there are many Zimbabweans that join his party out of their own free will. One should also bear in mind that Zimbabwe is one of the greatest literate countries in Africa whom still have unlimited access to international media.

Of course it is up to Zimbabwe and South Africa to have their own ‘contract’ of how they want to help each other, but neither of these countries are well off and both are third world countries. Surely the ANC should be concentrating on their country and trying to sort out South Africa’s problems, instead of intervening in Zimbabwe’s complications, and ultimately pursuing for a government that could be detrimental to the economy of Zimbabwe. It should be only the people of Zimbabwe that vote for their government, with the ANC being strong enough to deny the request of getting involved?

It is incredibly pleasing to see that Khoza stated that not everything the Zanu-PF is correct and compatible, however that is a contradiction to what he stated above. How can one support a party but not fully agree with what they plan to do or are doing at the moment? The fact that the ANC is getting involved may cause extra violence and harm to the citizens with jealousy amongst the parties and the tension that is escalating. Violence may not only happen in Zimbabwe but what about the people of South Africa that are getting irritated with Zimbabwe calling for help?

Tension continues to escalate a week away

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It is extremely pleasing to see that there is still daily news about the happenings in Zimbabwe, leading up to the referendum of the constitution. Not only one newspaper shows concern and interest, but many. It is however extremely sad to see that this fight is still carrying on and that many citizens are still struggling to find peace and comfort in their own homeland. It is going to be a tough few months ahead for the people of Zimbabwe, with the rivalry between the two parties, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and Zanu-PF. SAPA reports that the Secretary-general of the MDC party and Minister of Finance Tendai Biti insists that all Zimbabweans that are working in South Africa should come home in order to vote for the new constitution that has been seen as “a miracle” and it is one of the “finest” like South Africa’s.

Biti reiterates the downfall that Zimbabwe was in 2008 when Mugabe won the elections through unfair play and voting strategies. We need to keep reminding ourselves how bad Zimbabwe actually was before the US dollar was introduced and the state many citizens health was in. It was only Zimbabwe that was dealing with these major problems, so surely it has got something to do with the Government? It is very pleasing to see that there is finally a new constitution that has been made and Zimbabwe has a chance of picking up again. In saying this, I have had hope for many years now, but we cannot give up on such a great country. This is why Biti is so concerned with the fact that Zimbabwe citizens must return home in order to vote, because the MDC has a big chance in winning the 2013 elections, and hopefully changing a lot in Zimbabwe, as the MDC has kept positive and have shown a great interest in battles of Zim. The MDC is not a political party, but rather a people’s project, which is extremely encouraging for the people of Zimbabwe as their best interests are being looked after.

I do agree that the joint government that took place in 2009, helped lift the country quite dramatically, however one party needs to be the only one ruling now to get some sort of order. It would be advisable for the people that are struggling in Zimbabwe to go home and vote so that the new constitution can be put to work, and hopefully as Biti said the MDC will win the upcoming elections. Of course there is going to be great tension and conflict which needs to be monitored by fence-sitters, due to the fact that Mugabe is still threatening some of the people to vote from him.

Mugabe knows that he has a very slight chance on winning; after all he is 89 years old and does have mental condition to say the least. One would think and hope that he had already given up by now.  It is encouraging to see the leader Morgan Tsvangirai of the MDC, sticking up for Mugabe and having some sort of faith in him even though he has put his people of Zimbabwe through absolute tragedy. The guidelines of SADC hope to sustain the ‘free, fair and peaceful elections’; however this was ignored on the first day that the referendum was announced.

I believe that Zimbabwe will eventually come right through all the thick and thin and hardship, but once there it would have been worth every conflict (well almost every conflict!).