African countries loaning money to African countries? Advisable?

As we all know by now, Zimbabwe has been struggling financially for quite a while now and has had to use many different currencies in order to stabilize the country and help its people survive. Many international countries have helped Zimbabwe financially over the past few years, but not only from the international community, but also South Africa. South Africa has helped Zimbabwe a great deal, which is surprising, but also very encouraging to see. According to fin24, “South Africa has approved more $100m (R905m) in budgetary support to cash-strapped Zimbabwe, helping plug a gap in its finances ahead of elections expected in the second half of the year, Finance Minister Tendai Biti said on Monday (15 April 2013)”.

 

Biti goes on to say that the South African cabinet has made a decision and feels that it is a “positive” one. Yes, it is a very positive call on Zimbabwe’s behalf, but how about South Africa? Not only the effects on the economy of South Africa but also its people? To be honest, South Africa could do with that extra R905million that they ‘loaned’ to Zimbabwe. South Africa is not as stable as it could or should be. The cabinet of South Africa does not need the consent from its people of the country; however, they should take them into consideration. I personally feel that the needs of South Africa’s should come above anyone else. For instance, there are many homeless, starving and sick citizens across South Africa that could easily be cared for with this lump sum of money. The issues of rape and murder could be decreased with money spent on more hidden cameras or more of the police force patrolling.  These are only a few examples that could be improved in South Africa. This decision that the South African cabinet has made may cause many citizens to get upset. They may turn around and say that they want to pay less tax seeing as the country has enough money to support another country.

 

In saying this, I am also very pleased to see that Zimbabwe will be receiving more funds into the country so that they will be able to hold the planned elections in July 2013. Zimbabwe should in fact get as much funds as possible in order to ensure that the elections do run as smoothly as hoped, with many officials overlooking the procedure, and hopefully minimizing the violence and ability to cheat. Zimbabwe should however not agree to the contract of a “loan” if they may not be able to repay the money to the countries that lent them the funds. This will cause great violence and tension, and Zimbabwe may end up in bigger trouble than it already is. The other problem that Zimbabwe also needs to try and resolve is the fact that the amount of money leaving the country for food imports exceeds the amount coming in. the government should rather leave it up to the private farmers to import and export their goods, rather than the government itself and its revenue.

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Butting it out

You may think that this is a topic that has been spoken about one too many times, but I feel that it cannot be spoken about enough as it is still a very big part of society and the business industry, which is keeping many people employed, including my hard-working father… the dreaded tobacco leaf and the addictive nicotine. In other words is could be a win-lose situation. But I am not only concerned about those who do smoke but also those who are innocent, which is what Debbie Thwaits emphasized a great deal.

It was a random night out in the town, as one would say, and after a few drinks, with the music ‘pumping’, lights flashing and everyone in high spirits (excuse the pun), I thought that it would be a “cool thing” to have a drag or two of a friends cigarette. This is only because I was standing there in the smoking section with friends (majority whom smoke), and thought it would be sociable and make me look as if I was doing something. Something triggered that it was wrong and I stopped immediately. The habit of smoking runs in my family including, my grandfather, his daughter (my aunt, Debbie Thwaits), his son (my father) as well as my brother.

Smoking is a common habit of many people all over the world, whether there are strict rules about smoking areas or not. The country that Debbie mentioned which has the most amounts of people smoking is Asia, and in a way, unfortunately, it is increasing. Australia on the other hand has the opposite effect, with the numbers reducing. This is due to how expensive the cigarettes are and the fact that companies are not allowed to advertise it. There are also very limited places in Asia in which smoking is not allowed. To a point I do agree with this, as I am not a smoker and the “second-hand smoke hazards” do affect me, but then again, it is providing many people, especially in Africa (Zimbabwe) with an income, preventing poverty. The Gaurdian.UK reiterated this point by stating that, “After a decade of agricultural turmoil that crashed the economy, this sector is seen as one of the few bright spots. The crop’s value has bounced back from £105m in 2008 to more than £330m this year (2012). Moreover, whereas tobacco production was once dominated by a white elite, now tens of thousands of farmers are black”.

Debbie Thwaits, a Hypnotherapist, said, “South Africa has become a lot more aware of the secondary smoke health hazards and its acceptance is decreasing greatly”. Thank goodness South Africa is not ignoring this issue, because health is just as important as the politics and economics of the country.

I can also see how drastically smoking habits have improved since Debbie’s era of the 1960s. Doctor’s used to smoke in the consulting rooms with their sick patients, and sometimes even tell them “take up smoking, it will help your condition”. Not only in consulting rooms but also in “trains, movies and nearly every place, every room in the house”. My aunty and her lifestyle when she smoked is a prime example of how quickly it can affect you. Debbie started at the age of 14 in the stables in Zimbabwe with my father and uncle, and said to her brothers “I just want to try this”. Everyone always says that and thinks that it will go that way, but it never does.  And what happened… all three of them became addicted from the age of fourteen. As Debbie stated, you have to want to give up smoking. But which teenager wants to give up smoking when it looks “cool”? Finally Debbie gave up in 1995 for five years. She read a book by the name of “Easy way to stop smoking” by Allan Carr.  The 2000 millennium party came, and after a few drinks, same situation as me, she thought she was strong enough to handle one or two puffs. She proved herself wrong and ended up a full-blown smoker again. Sadly, Debbie as well as my family had the trauma of seeing my Grandfather pass away at the age of 67, caused by the dreaded tobacco leaf and nicotine. He got emphysema as well as lung cancer, which eventually spread. In just three weeks after finding out about his cancer, he was not around any longer. It blew everyone away as the pace was so rapid. This was Debbie’s “turning point”, and saw a new light that smoking is a ‘killer’ no matter what people say, such as, “you’re young, enjoy it” and “you only live once”. Precisely, you do only have one life, and it should not be wasted on an illness that you CAN prevent.

As mentioned above, Debbie Thwaits is a Hypnotherapist, and has a business that she runs on her own, “Quit smoking in 60 minutes”. She did this training coarse in Australia (obviously) as she implied that natural therapies are becoming a much bigger industry as people are tired of anti-biotic’s and are moving away from ‘drugs’ as such. Debbie was taught, as well as witnessed that people do in fact smoke to be part of a particular group, and to be “cool”. A cigarette provides “love and connection” for someone as the smoking group all have something in common. Smoking is in someone’s sub-conscious because they feel that they need the ‘love’ with any emotion that they are feeling, therefore, Debbie mentioned the cigarette becomes “your friend”. In order for those who are smoking to go to Debbie, you have to want to give up smoking, so Debbie will be able to align your sub-conscious and conscious, through looking at your daily movements. You can only help yourselves at the end of the day. But some of you may be too far down the wrong road to prevent this harm?

 

Reference:

Debbie Thwaits – (082) 355 1770

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multi-currency or not?

It was about a decade ago when Zimbabwe went into recession, and the country struggled a great deal with petrol shocks, economic crisis, food shortages and homeless people. The reason for this big problem was because there was such great inflation. The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe carried on printing more and more Zimbabwe dollar notes as soon as they ran out, which created hyperinflation therefore decrease the value of the Zimbabwe dollar. This what lead to Zimbabwe using multi-currencies/ international currencies such as “the United States dollar, Botswana Pula, British pound and South African rand to stem 
hyperinflation that had made the local unit worthless”, said Ndamu Sandu.

One Hundred Trillion Zimbabwe Dollars

One Hundred Trillion Zimbabwe Dollars

When Zimbabwe started using these different currencies, it definitely did help the situation in Zimbabwe a great deal. There were very few or no petrol ques and there was food on the shelves that was imported from South Africa or produced in Zimbabwe. However, this does not mean that the full economic crisis was resolved, as one can see that Zimbabwe is still struggling with the violence and politics that is taking place. And the country does not look nearly as close to how it should look, such as the conditions on the roads, shops, schools, business etc. I have witnessed this with my own eyes. It has been very good for the country and its people to use multi-currencies in order for the country to be more civilized. In saying that, Zimbabwe is seen as an independent country and so I feel that it should and would be advisable for Zimbabwe to have its own currency again. If the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe did what a bank is supposed to do and not just print money because the feel they need to, the Zimbabwe dollar would hopefully stay strong and the economy would work in the way it should, with the people working and bartering with one another so that the economy flows naturally.

With the new constitution of Zimbabwe and the elections that are hopefully going to take place in July, Zimbabwe might bring back their own currency? If so, I feel that it is extremely wise for them to approach the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) for advise on how to go about controlling the hyperinflation and resolving the ‘economic shocks’.  In doing so, Zimbabwe’s economy may improve dramatically, however the central bank must not print notes as soon as they see a shortage. The international community whom has strong economies already must control that this does not take place.

 

The final draft and final day before constitution

Zimbabwe-flag1Tomorrow is finally the day that the voting for Zimbabwe’s new constitution is going to take place. This is going to be a very emotional day for some Zimbabweans, as they have waited a very long time for the constitution to change and be more ‘fair’. However, the draft constitution has taken over three years to be presented, which is no surprise for anything in Zimbabwe to take long and be postponed – and of course some sort of argument would happen with it. It is however pleasing to see that on Wednesday when Douglas Mwonzora, a leader of the parliamentary committee, produced the contract, he enforced that fact that it was non-negotiable. He is thankfully sticking up for the people of Zimbabwe and letting it be a vote for them and no one else. Unlike the police force (Zanu-PF), who try and abolish all human rights activists that are trying to justice for the insecure country. He is also trying to prevent the massive out cry of violence like the 2008 elections, which is a very encouraging point. I personally do not agree with the fact that there is a ban again all same-sex marriages. People should be allowed to marry whom they want to without the consent of others. It is their choice who they want to live and spend the rest of their life with. They have not asked anyone else to put up with their partner.

The only hiccup here with the new constitution and if Mugabe is elected again in July, he has the chance of ruling Zimbabwe for another two five-year terms (10 years). This may be seen as a negative due to Mugabe’s health issues and his age (89 years). Mugabe has also disappointed many people of Zimbabwe in the past, and so what makes them think that he will change his ways now if he hasn’t in the past. He may carry on destroying people lives even more?

Zanu-PF and MDC both have a lot of support behind them, and it is going to be very interesting to see what happens if Mugabe does not win the elections. The MDC promise to try and rebuild the economy of Zimbabwe again, which has altered many people and given them a very positive view towards the MDC, which is why Zanu-PF is facing great challenges and competition, hopefully more than before (2008 elections). In connection with this and the violence that is trying to be prevented, not only rivalry between the two parties but within the MCD party itself. This leads to more confusion for the people of Zimbabwe, because who do we really trust now? How can you have a party governing the country that are assassinating one another within the supposed ‘free’ of violence party?

We can only hope for the best from now, and see what tomorrows’ occasion has to offer Zimbabwe as a country and its humble people. We prey for their sake that all goes smoothly as wished for so that the elections in July will take place.

A ‘summary’ of Zimbabwe’s draft constitution

A ‘summary’ of Zimbabwe’s draft constitution

Here is an article from News24 entitled ‘Key points in Zim’s draft constitution’. This is a very relevant news article as the referendum of the constitution is meant to be taking place tomorrow, 16th March 2013. the people of Zimbabwe must be informed as to what they are voting for, as well as the rest of the world to be aware of what is to come.

Radios ban from foreign broadcast

http://www.news24.com/Multimedia/Africa/Zimbabwe-bans-foreign-radio-broadcasts-20130307

Radios are being confiscated by the police in Zimbabwe as the government does not want other people besides his own to know what is going on in the country. Sounds very risky to me?